Germany Visa Types: Requirements, Application Process
Embarking on a new adventure in Germany requires thorough knowledge of the visa requirements and application process. Whether you're planning to study, work, or simply explore the country's rich cultural heritage, understanding the various visa types is key to a smooth and successful journey.
In this blog, we will guide you through the Germany visa types and provide you with valuable information and insights to help you navigate the process with ease.
Overview of Germany Visa
Germany offers a wide range of visas for different purposes, including tourism, work, study, and family reunification. Each visa type has its own set of requirements and application process.
For short-term visits, such as tourism or business trips, you can apply for a Schengen visa, which allows you to travel within the Schengen area for up to 90 days. If you plan to work or study in Germany, you will need to apply for a long-term visa or a residence permit. Family members of German citizens can also apply for visas to join their loved ones in Germany.
Let’s dive deep and understand the different German visa types and more
What are the Types of Visas in Germany?
There are mainly 3 different German visa types from India. Let’s dive in and understand them in detail.
1. Short-Term Visas (Type C)
Schengen type C visa Germany, also called the short-term visa permits the holder to travel within the Schengen area for a maximum of 90 days within a period of 180 days. To apply for a Schengen visa (type C), individuals must go through the external service provider authorized to process such visa applications.
The table below consists of the different German visa types under the Schengen visa and their description
|Schengen Visa Types
|For individuals traveling to the Schengen area for business-related activities such as meetings, conferences, or negotiations.
|For individuals participating in cultural events, festivals, or artistic performances in the Schengen area.
|For individuals seeking medical treatment or undergoing medical procedures in the Schengen area.
|Official visit visa
|For individuals visiting the Schengen area for official purposes, such as government representatives or diplomats.
|Other visas (for specific short-term purposes like sports events, etc.)
|This category includes visas for purposes such as sports events, religious events, or official delegations.
|Tourism visa (Germany Tourist visa)
|For Individuals who wish to visit Germany for tourism purposes
|Visiting family or friend's visa
|This visa is for individuals who would like to visit their loved ones in Germany
2. Transit Visa (Type A)
A Germany Transit Visa is intended for individuals who require a stopover at a German airport before continuing their journey to a non-Schengen country. With this visa, travelers are allowed to change flights within the international transit area of the airport for a maximum of 24 hours.
It is important to note that leaving the international transit area is strictly prohibited and against the law with this visa.
The countries listed below in the table are those for which it is mandatory to have a German airport transit visa.
|10. South Sudan
|11. Democratic Republic of the Congo
|15. Sri Lanka
3. Long-Term Visas (Type D, National)
There are many different visa types under long-term Visas. Let's take a look at each one of them and the validity of these visas.
1. Family Reunification visa: Type D visa Germany
Germany offers a special visa for non-German family members of third-country nationals residing in the country. This visa facilitates family reunification by allowing non-EU nationals to join their family members in Germany, whether for temporary or permanent residence.
It is designed to support and streamline the process of bringing families together. The validity of a family reunification visa is 1 Year (initially).
This visa type can be further classified into the following:
- 1A. Spouse (husband/wife), registered partner of a foreigner residing in Germany: Third-country nationals residing legally in the country have the option to bring their spouse or registered partner if certain conditions are met.
- The German resident must have a settlement permit EU long-term residence permit, residence permit, or EU Blue Card.
- They should be financially capable of supporting their partner
- Be over 18 years old
- Possess German language proficiency.
- 1B. Children of third-country nationals in Germany: Parents residing in Germany have the opportunity to apply for a visa to bring their children to live with them. It's important to note that the specific requirements for this visa may vary based on the age of the children.
- For Minor Child: A single parent can bring their minor child to Germany if they have sole custody. If the parents share custody and only one resides in Germany, the resident parent must grant custody rights for the German resident to apply for a Family Reunification visa.
- For Adult Children: A parent can apply to bring their adult child to Germany if it prevents "unavoidable hardship." The child must be unmarried to be eligible for a Family Reunion Visa.
2. Research Visa: Type D visa Germany
Germany, known for its pioneering spirit and innovative environment, has emerged as an appealing destination for researchers across various disciplines. This Western European nation offers abundant opportunities and resources for conducting research.
Depending on your nationality, you may be required to obtain a Researcher visa to enter Germany in accordance with its visa policies.
3. Study visa: Type D visa Germany
- 3A. German Student Visa This visa is for international students who have been accepted into an official university in Germany and are preparing to begin their studies in a university program. The German Student visa is initially valid for one year, with the possibility of an extension for up to 2 years. To extend the visa, you must provide proof from the university that your course is still ongoing and that you are actively attending classes.
- 3B. German Student Applicant Visa: This visa is required for students who need to be physically present in Germany to apply for university admission. It does not grant permission to study in Germany but is solely for the purpose of the university application process. The validity of this visa is 3 - 9 months
- 3C. German Language Course Visa: This visa is necessary for individuals who plan to study a German language course in Germany. It allows them to pursue their studies specifically in the field of language learning. The validity of this visa is 3-12 months.
Looking for Scholarship to study in Germany, Explore Top Scholarships for Indian Students in Germany 2023
4. Work visa: Type D visa Germany
- 4A. EU Blue Card Visa: The EU Blue Card is a residence permit in Germany for highly skilled workers from non-EU countries. To be eligible for the Blue Card, individuals must hold a university degree and have a job offer in a qualified position with a salary that is at least 1.5 times the average salary in Germany. The EU Blue Card is valid for the duration of your work contract, plus three extra months, with a maximum limit of four years.
- 4B. Job Seeker Visa: This visa is for individuals who wish to come to Germany to search for employment opportunities. It allows you to stay in Germany for up to 6 months and explore job prospects.
Take a look at this video to learn the benefits of a German job seeker visa
Contact GetGIS Immigration consultant to know all about German Job seeker visas, We provide expert solutions, job search assistance, post-landing services, and more.
- 4C. Self-Employment Visa: If you have ambitions of starting your own business or working as a freelancer in Germany, a visa for self-employment can help you turn your entrepreneurial dreams into reality. A visa for self-employment is issued for up to 3 years, while the freelance visa is valid for 3 months
How to Apply for a Germany Visa?
You can apply for the Germany visa type by following the step-by-step instructions listed below:
Step 1: Complete the German visa application form
- Choose the appropriate form based on the type of visa you need: short-stay (visa C) or long-term residence (visa D).
- Fill in your personal details and required information online.
- Print and sign the completed form.
Step 2: Get your documents ready
- Gather the necessary documents, including your passport, visa pictures, travel itinerary, proof of financial means, evidence of accommodation, and health insurance.
Step 3: Make an appointment at the embassy/consulate
- Find the nearest consulate, embassy, or visa office responsible for German visas in your country.
- Book an appointment online or in person.
Step 4: Attend the visa interview
- Arrive on time for your scheduled interview.
- Answer questions about your trip to Germany and provide relevant information.
Step 5: Provide your biometric information
- Submit your fingerprints if required.
Step 6: Pay the visa application fee
- Pay the fee online or at the embassy/consulate, depending on the country.
Step 7: Wait for the visa decision
- Wait for 10 to 15 business days (or longer for long-term visas) to receive a response.
- If approved, collect your German visa.
- If rejected, review the rejection letter for appeal options.
Document Checklist when Applying for Germany Visa Type
When applying for a German Schengen visa, it is important to gather the necessary documents to support your application. Below is the document checklist:
- Visa Application Form: Fill out the form accurately, ensuring it aligns with the information provided in other documents.
- Declaration: Sign the form issued by German authorities in your country of residence, confirming the accuracy of your information.
- Passport Photos: Include two identical photos taken within the last three months.
- Passport/Travel Document: Make sure your passport is valid for at least 3 months beyond your planned departure date, is no older than 10 years, and has at least two blank pages.
- Previous Visas: Provide copies of any previous visas you have obtained, if applicable.
- Round-Trip Flight Itinerary: Include a copy of the reservation indicating passenger details and dates, ensuring your stay in the Schengen area does not exceed 90 days.
- Proof of Accommodation: Submit a document, such as a hotel booking, demonstrating where you will be staying during your trip to Germany.
- Proof of Financial Funds: Show evidence of possessing at least 45€ per day of stay in Germany, as required by the European Commission.
- Cover Letter: Write a letter explaining the purpose and duration of your visit to Germany, along with other relevant trip details.
- Proof of Civil Status: Provide relevant documents, such as marriage certificates, birth certificates of children, or death certificates of a spouse.
- Germany Travel Health Insurance: Obtain travel health insurance covering the entirety of Germany and other Schengen states, with a minimum coverage of 30,000€ for medical emergencies.
German Visa Requirements Based on Employment Status
Below are the additional requirements for a German visa based on the employment status
German Visa Requirements for Children Applying for Short-Stay Visa
Below are the requirements for Minors applying for a German visa:-
Germany Visa Processing Time & Cost
The processing time for a German short-stay visa can range from 15 to 60 days and long-stay visas can take about 3 months, depending on the volume of applications. It is recommended to apply as early as possible, up to three months before your trip, to avoid any delays. The latest you can submit your application is 15 days before your planned travel date.
Below are the German visa Fees:
|Germany Visa Fees
Turn Your German Dreams into Reality with the Right Visa
In conclusion, understanding the German visa types is essential for anyone planning to visit, study, work, or reside in this vibrant country. Whether you need a short-term or a long-term visa, it's important to familiarize yourself with the specific requirements and application process for each visa type.
Additionally, if you're interested in exploring job opportunities in Germany, the Germany Job Seeker Visa could be your best bet. GetGIS is a reputable Immigration consultant where we provide valuable assistance in your job search assistance, the visa application process, Resume writing, post-landing services, and more.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is there a fee for extending a German visa?
Can a German visa be canceled?
Can I change jobs with a Work Visa or Blue Card?
Is traveling outside of Germany allowed with a Work Visa or Blue Card?
Which Visa is best for Germany?
Does a German Visa need IELTS?